• Ashar Ali Virtual University Pakistan
  • Dr. M Zafar Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad
  • Dr Jahan Ara Shams Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad


Academic Environment, Post-earthquake, Primary Schools, AJ&K


Disaster such as an earthquake always tends to untangle the social structure of the society and expose its strengths and weaknesses. A descriptive research study was conducted to understand the post earthquake changes in the academic environment of primary schools in AJ&K. The study was carried out in Muzaffarabad, the capital city of AJ&K (an affiliated state of Pakistan). Muzaffarabad was one of the worst earthquakes affected district of AJ&K and being the capital city with crowded population and low spaced building infrastructure, it was devastated almost above than 90%. The study was aimed to assess the post earthquake changes in academic environment of primary schools by mean of teachers training, emergency drills and incorporation of disaster related information in syllabus of primary classes. The study employed a descriptive research methodology using quantitative approach. Two questionnaires and one observation schedule were developed to get quantitative data. After statistical analysis, it was found that no serious attempt was made by concerned authorities and primary teachers to implement any curricular changes based upon disasters management especially about earthquake preparedness. There is no or very little incorporation of disaster related information and earthquake preventive measures in syllabus / course of primary classes. It is recommended that a policy regarding the incorporation of disaster management especially the earthquake preventive measures in the course, textbooks or syllabus of primary classes must be developed. Moreover, earthquake preparedness training of teachers should also be done.



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Author Biographies

Ashar Ali, Virtual University Pakistan



Dr. M Zafar, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad



Dr Jahan Ara Shams, Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad




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How to Cite

Ali, M. A., Iqal, M. Z., & Shams, J. A. (2022). POST EARTHQUAKE CHANGES IN ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS OF AJ&K. Competitive Social Science Research Journal, 3(2), 822–842. Retrieved from