Struggling for Survival: Understanding the Economic and Social Constraints Faced by Afghan Refugee Female-Headed Households in Balochistan, Pakistan
Keywords:Economic, Social, Constraints.
This study explores the social and economic constraints Afghan refugee female-headed households face in Balochistan, Pakistan. Afghan women comprise a significant portion of the refugee population, with many becoming widowed due to conflict and war in their home country. Consequently, these households are primarily led by women in the host countries. Qualitative research was carried out with 20 Widowed Afghan refugee female-headed households in Quetta, Balochistan. The findings shed light on several key challenges faced by these women. Firstly, there need to be more resources available to Afghan women, hindering their ability to sustain their households. Limited access to business opportunities and financial benefits further exacerbates their economic struggles. Additionally, these women encounter barriers in accessing social services and security, impeding their overall well-being. Gender discrimination remains prevalent, affecting their daily lives and prospects for improvement. Given this refugee group's marginalized status, Pakistan's government and international organizations must devise coping strategies. Adequate resources must be allocated to address the specific needs of Afghan refugee women in Pakistan.
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