Competitive Social Science Research Journal https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal <p class="zfr3Q" dir="ltr">Competitive Social Science Research Journal (CSSRJ) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes both theoretical and applied studies on different areas of social sciences. The journal welcomes teachers, researchers, scholars from across the globe to contribute to contemporary understanding of various social sciences disciplines.</p> <p class="zfr3Q" dir="ltr">The themes of the journal mainly cover the content related to Education, Literature, Linguistics, International Relations, Business Management, Sociology, and Media studies. Bear in mind that the themes are not restricted to these areas and may be expanded to cover all aspects of social sciences if the articles advance significant contribution to the discipline. The journal aims at providing a platform for academic discussion in social sciences and assists in publishing interdisciplinary content with international collaborations.</p> en-US mng_editor@cssrjournal.com (Dr. Mobashar Sadik) asst_editor@cssrjournal.com (Azhar Munir Bhatti) Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The impact of Political Instability and terrorism on Stock returns https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/30 <p>Stock markets are considered one of the key sources for the growth of economy. These financial markets are the strength of an economy. Terrorism and political instability negatively affect the stock market returns. Stock markets are considered one of the key sources for the growth of economy and for development of financial institutions of any country. These financial markets are the strength of an economy. Current study analyzed the impact of terrorism and political instability on stock returns in Pakistan stock exchange market. In this research monthly stock returns of KSE 100 Index from 2002 to 2019 and KMI 30 Index from 2012 to 2019 are taken as dependent variable while political instability and terrorism has taken as independent variables. Number of control variables as inflation, financial crisis, foreign direct investment, domestic Growth rate, and some governance variables as control of corruption, voice and accountability, regulatory quality and rule of law are used to investigate this relation. Objectives of the study are to check the impact of terrorism and political instability on stock returns. Consequently, study found that there is negative and significant relationship between stock returns, terrorism and political instability. All variables used in the study have significant impact on stock return except voice and accountability which shows insignificant impact on stock return for model one while Foreign direct investment, Global financial crisis and Inflation have insignificant relation with KMI 30 Index and other all variables have significant relation with KMI 30 Index. This study has practical implications in risk management practices. Moreover, the results of the study may be useful for shareholders, investors and policy makers.</p> Bushra Mubeen Ijaz, Ammara Sarwar Copyright (c) 2020 Competitive Social Science Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/30 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Does education eliminate the rural poverty in Pakistan? https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/26 <p>Nowadays, education has become protuberant issue as it involves most people to take part in this matter. Moreover, it cannot be separated from the life of human. Everyone needs to be educated including both males and females. In the development of every nation, education plays an important role. The current study explores the relationship between quality of education, level of teacher’s education, technology, and infrastructure on rural poverty. In analyzing the data, this research used Quantitative methodology of research. The data was collected via a cross-sectional survey from the household of rural areas of Punjab. The statistical results show a significant association between quality of education and rural poverty, level of teacher’s education and rural poverty, and technology and infrastructure and rural poverty. Besides providing suggestions for future research work, this study provides numerous recommendations for policymakers and developmental authorities.</p> Zerish Tasleem Copyright (c) 2020 Competitive Social Science Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/26 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 An overview of the significant events in 2011 and their impact on the U.S-Pakistan relations during the Global War on Terror (GWoT) https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/37 <p>The United States’ Global War on Terror had brought the highest peak in the U.S-Pakistan relations which were once frozen in the 90s. For the next ten years, both countries enjoyed cordial relationships, however, the year of 2011 had brought a new low in their relations. Therefore, this study aims at overviewing the significant events in 2011 and its impact on the U.S-Pakistan relations. Based on the events between these two nations during the year of 2011, this study concludes that the U.S-Pakistan-relations suffered of huge setbacks due to various events which left a serious deterioration for many years and created a huge trust deficit.</p> Muhammad Hatim Copyright (c) 2020 Competitive Social Science Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/37 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 The current prevalence of child sexual abuse worldwide https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/29 <p>Child abuse is a matter of serious concern in the whole world. For identification of CSA (Child Sexual Abuse), it is necessary to do analysis on continuous base across the worldwide to see the increase or decrease trends. The aim of the study is to clarify the current occurrence of CSA in terms of information such as geographical region, type of abuse and most common types of abuse occurrences in the world. In this research, the analysis studies published between 2005 and 2019 are included that state CSA (Child Sexual Abuse) in boys and girls below 19 years. The current study also reveals random effect meta-analysis and analyzes the type of the abuse explored in different studies. The research included studies of the related concern from countries such as Pakistan, India, Netherland, Ethiopia, Canada, China, Columbia, Egypt, Lebanon, Malaysia, Russia and Iceland. This research is helpful in highlighting the issue of child sexual abuse so that the concerned authorities take steps for the prevention of the issue.</p> Hashim Ali Shah Copyright (c) 2020 Competitive Social Science Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/29 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Psychological and sociological factors in using code switching by teachers in classrooms https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/36 <p>This study aims to explore the teachers’ attitude towards code switching in terms of different psychological and sociological aspects. As a matter of fact, different social and linguistic backgrounds in bilingual classrooms shape code-switching. The current study is quantitative and uses closed ended questionnaire for the collection of data on the psychological and sociological aspects of code switching. The data was collected from a sample of 349 respondents selected randomly in order to participate in the current study. The findings reveal the reasons and attitude of the teachers for using code switching in language classes. In accordance to the results of this research, code-switching appeared to be a useful tool that facilitated the teachers to clarify, to emphasize the understanding and to socialize in the second language learning process. The findings of the research also implicate that code-switching should be considered as a resource and a strategy to be applied in the second language learning classes.</p> Mohammad Kaleem, SHAHZAD AHMED, Shaista Siddiqa Copyright (c) 2020 Competitive Social Science Research Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://cssrjournal.com/ojs/index.php/cssrjournal/article/view/36 Thu, 31 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0000